by Carolina Sarres
Agência Brasil in Brasília
The figures for poverty reduction and inequality in Brazil in recent years, are important advances and internationally recognized by the ILO
One in four young black Brazilians between the ages of 15 and 24 don’t go to school or don’t work – which corresponds to 25.3% of this population group. Data are from the OIT (Organização Internacional do Trabalho or International Labor Organization), released July 19th in the report “Profile of Decent Work in Brazil: a Glimpse of the Federative Units”. Among young people in general, the percentage of people not working or not studying reaches 18.4%, which corresponds to 6.2 million people. Among young women, the rate is 23.1%. This fact is identified as having more intensity in urban areas, where 19.7% of young people are in this situation, compared to 7.9% in rural areas.
“When young people say they don’t work, it means that they don’t work for compensation. Either she is a mother and doesn’t have social safety nets, or reconcile family and work, or caring for siblings so that the mother can work”, said the coordinator of the OIT study, José Ribeiro.
The rate of black women who don’t work or study is higher than the young women in general (23.1%), young men (13.9%) and black men (18.8%).
“The withdrawal from school and the youth labor market, a percentage much higher than that of men, is strongly influenced by the magnitude of their dedication to household tasks and responsibilities related to motherhood, especially when pregnancy occurs during adolescence”, says the report.
The states in which there is more unemployment among young black women are Pernambuco (36.7%), Rio Grande do Norte (36.0%), Alagoas (34.9%), Pará (33.7%) and Roraima (33.2%).
“The figures for poverty and inequality reduction in Brazil in recent years, are important advances and internationally recognized by the OIT. Poverty and inequality in Brazil have continued to decline despite the crisis. Brazil in this sense is noteworthy in the international arena. [But] the question of young people is clearly a challenge”, said OIT director in Brazil, Laís Abramo.
Source: UOL Educação