Black Women of Brazil

The site dedicated to Brazilian women of African descent

Ferguson and NY are in Brazil! Inspired by protests in the US, thousands take to the streets in São Paulo to protest police violence against Afro-Brazilian youth


Thursday the 18th, thousands participated in march against police violence in downtown São Paulo

Thursday the 18th, thousands participated in march against police violence in downtown São Paulo

Note from BW of Brazil: This has been a topic of discussion for many weeks in meetings and social forums in activists circles. In the United States, when black men are killed in the streets by police, thousands across the nation take to the streets, while in Brazil, where police kill far more people, protests are either rare, few and far between and don’t last for very long. But recent protests in the US prompted one writer’s premonition that the situation in the US could spark more racial justice in Brazil. I don’t really see it that way. In the US, recent murders of unarmed blacks have led to consistent injustices, so how and why would this lead to justice in Brazil? What I DO see is the activism influencing black Brazilians, thousands of which took to the streets across the nation in protest back in August. As I pointed out in a previous article, black Brazilians don’t have a long history of widespread activism as was the case among black Americans in the turbulent 1950s, 60s and 70s, and as such, this is one of the principal reasons why collective activism around specifically racial issues has been such a long time coming.

Perfect example. An African-American friend of mine who has been involved with Afro-Brazilian causes for a few years relayed this story to me. In addressing a specific issue in the city of Salvador, which is the capital city of the heavily Afro-Brazilian state of Bahia, she suggested to a well-known black activist and leader that they construct an international coalition of activists and take their demands to the streets in huge numbers. He didn’t agree. “No, no, no…we don’t do that here!” she recalled his reaction being. The 1950s-1970s struggles of the African-Americans as well as African independence movements had a huge influence on Brazil’s Movimento Negro. This is not necessarily saying that following that example is clearly the way to go. If it were, there wouldn’t be such continuous racial inequalities and police brutality that continues to the plague the black community in the US.

As such, we’ll have to wait to see how the situations in Ferguson and New York will affect the Afro-Brazilian community. Hopefully what happened on Thursday is a only sign of things to come!

Military Police, black youth want to breathe

Protestors and victims of police violence wait in front of the Secretariat of Public Security

Protestors and victims of police violence wait in front of the Secretariat of Public Security

Inspired by the movement that erupted in the US against police violence, thousands of young black men and women take to the streets in São Paulo, protesting their greatest tormentor, the Military Police

By Igor Carvalho – Photos courtesy of Mídia NINJA

About two thousand people participated in the demonstration

About two thousand people participated in the demonstration. Signs include cases of 17-year old Douglas Rodrigues, Amarildo de Souza, Eric Garner and Mike Brown

Forty-five social movements and organizations called the act “Ferguson é aqui” (Ferguson is here), which alludes to the Michael Brown murder in the city of Ferguson in the US by Darren Wilson, a white cop who will not be tried for the crime. The fight against institutional racism of the police went international and arrived in Brazil, where police lethality is not new nor are street protests against state violence.

Thursday (18), about two thousand people, according to organizers (the PM did not disclose its estimate), marched against police violence. The act, which began at about 5pm in República square downtown, ended at 8:30 in front of the headquarters of the Secretaria de Segurança Pública (SSP or Secretariat of Public Security).

1

Police violence in São Paulo, victimizes three times more blacks than whites, according to a study by the Department of Sociology at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar).

According to the survey, presented in March this year, from 2009 to 2011, the Military Police (MP) killed 823 people. Of this total, blacks account for 61%. Blacks represent about 32% of the population of São Paulo. Most of the victims were male and were between 20 and 24 years of age. The murders were committed, in 79% of cases examined by the group, by white officers.

4

On December 4th, Amnesty International presented research that justifies the use of the word “genocide” by the social movements. According to the organization, in 2012, 56,000 people were murdered in Brazil, with 30,000 being young people, of whom 77% are black.

From Ferguson to Sao Paulo, there are similarities in police modus operandi and differences in reaction on the streets. “The mobilization in the US inspires us. The death of Michael Brown is not seen as something normal. The center of capitalism proves that it cannot account for the end of racism. In a parallel with Brazil, the country that kills people, up to what point does death move us?” asks Juninho Jr. of the Círculo Palmarino.

Manifestantes escalam as muretas da sede da SSP para protestar

Police violence was the main theme of the act

Although statistics show the black man as the main target of homicides in the country, other types of violence oppress women. “If we look at the history of Brazil, women are the main victims. We suffer psychological, physical, sexual and moral violence, constantly. Violence is everyday,” says Sara Mendes Siqueira, of the Marcha Mundial das Mulheres (World March of Women).

The demonstration, mostly made up of young people, was inspired by protests in the US, after the deaths of Michael Brown and Eric Garner. The executioners of the two murdered young black men passed unscathed by the American Justice, which triggered a series of protests in the country.

Eric Garner, before dying, alerted police who strangled him: “I can’t breathe” (translated as “eu não consigo respirar”, in Portuguese). Recalling the last phrase spoken by him, the Brazilian protesters repeated the gesture that Americans and British have done and laid down on the ground with their hands on their neck, simulating suffocation.

Beatriz, of the Levante Popular da Juventude movement

Beatriz, of the Levante Popular da Juventude movement

“We wanted young people to mobilize here, as has happened there [USA]. What happens in the US, it has happened here in Brazil for a long time, too. In Brazil, since the 90s, when we found Hip Hop, we learned to position ourselves against police violence. Now we need to take to the streets,” said Ananda Felisberto, of the Levante Popular da Juventude, which means Popular Uprising of the Youth.

Signs remind victims of police violence

Black men and women, although not young, are still affected by police violence in spaces of struggle. Who affirms this is Jussara Basso, of the Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Teto (MTST or Movement of Homeless Workers), which was also incorporated into the manifestation “Ferguson é aqui.” Violence in the periphery. That says a lot about where you live. Whoever is poor in these areas, is a ‘criminal’ for the MP. The rich are in their neighborhoods, protected by their private security, the MP. Slavery is over and we cannot continue to be targets,” she protested.

Gilvan Máximo, of “Nós da Sul” (Us from the South), screamed into the microphone, corroborating Jussara’s accusation and being faced by four police officers guarding the front of the Secretariat of Public Security, insurmountable for the people, physically and politically. “The MP does not ask to come into occupation, it’s in the beatings. There, it plays the role the system gives it, which is to exterminate. The government doesn’t even give us water. Go see if there is a lack of water in Jardins,” said the protester, remembering the recent water crisis faced by the state.

SSP

The protesters remained in front of the SSP for two hours, demanding a meeting with the secretary, Fernando Grella Vieira. It was in vain. No representative of the secretariat camedown to talk to the activists. Again, just as what happens in the suburbs, the only arm of the state that came to the militants was the armed wing. The Tropa de Braço, as well as some MPs agents, oversaw the two thousand black men and women outside the building.

 Protesters climb the SSP’s headquarters to protest

In parallel with the protest, in a meeting with the Attorney General of Justice of the State of São Paulo, Márcio Fernando Elias Rosa, guaranteed a promise that representatives of movements will meet with the new secretary of the SSP, Alexandre de Moraes, in the beginning of 2015.

The Attorney General also promised improvements in the external control of illegal police actions as well as studying a policy of reparation to families who have lost a relative to police violence.

Source: Mídia Ninja 

10 comments on “Ferguson and NY are in Brazil! Inspired by protests in the US, thousands take to the streets in São Paulo to protest police violence against Afro-Brazilian youth

  1. Mark Jacobs
    December 21, 2014

    Reblogged this on mark jacobs lives!.

  2. Just mE
    December 21, 2014

    We all have to connect, and stay connected, and speak out on behalf of each other.

    • Ghalib Jawahar
      December 21, 2014

      we MUST unite – we MUST build a bridge between BLACKS in united snakes of amerikkka and those in the caribbean and those in south AMERIKKKA like brazil – we MUST MUST MUST MUST MUST MUST build an international mobilization – WE ARE THE DIASPORA – beyond borders – fuck borders – we are our own international constituency

    • chahta1
      December 21, 2014

      I am glad to see that our brothers and sisters are uniting with us. We are being taught over here that we are the twelve Tribes of Israel, and that is why we’re catching so much hell We so called blacks in America are the Tribe of Judah, and you so called Brazilians are the Tribe of Asher from the Bible. Gen.49:20. Deu.33:24. Shalom

  3. bamabrasileira
    December 21, 2014

    FINALLY! Go Brasil!

  4. Ghalib Jawahar
    December 21, 2014

    we MUST unite – we MUST build a bridge between BLACKS in united snakes of amerikkka and those in the caribbean and those in south AMERIKKKA like brazil – we MUST MUST MUST MUST MUST MUST build an international mobilization – WE ARE THE DIASPORA – beyond borders – fuck borders – we are our own international constituency

  5. Kushite Prince
    December 21, 2014

    I LOVE this! This is a beautiful thing to see! Much love and respect to all my brothers and sisters in Brazil! Stand strong and stand proud! We here in America salute you. Justice is coming!!!!

  6. Pingback: Daily Feminist Cheat Sheet

  7. Christen Smith
    December 25, 2014

    I love the reporting that you do on this site. It’s great. But I do have one important criticism to make: I think we should be very careful not to frame protests against anti-black genocide in Brazil as movements in reaction to what is going on in the U.S. without acknowledging the diversity of these protests and their unique histories and trajectories. What happened in São Paulo December 18th was clearly a solidarity march, as you point out in the lead-in. However, the march August 22, 2014 II (Inter) National March Against Anti-Black Genocide expressed solidarity with Ferguson but was not organized because of Ferguson. In fact, we were marching simultaneously. The August 22 march had been planned nationally for weeks, long before Michael Brown was tragically killed and the black community in Ferguson took to the streets. In fact, Reaja ou Será Mort@ has been organizing nationally since 2005 and has sponsored many local and national marches through the years (the most recent, August 22, 2014 had an estimated 51,000 participants nation-wide). Although some people in the Black Movement claim that black activists “don’t do that here”, the black activist community is dynamic and diverse and a lot of people do “do that here”, from Salvador to São Paulo. And these political manifestations, while pan-Africanist and in-solidarity with the U.S., are not emerging because of what is happening in the U.S. They have been brewing on their own for a while.

    • gatasnegrasbrasileiras
      December 26, 2014

      Hello and thank you for taking the time to make your comment! It is appreciated!

      But I DO want to address your critique.

      In ongoing coverage of what is and should be called “black genocide” in Brazil, this blog has consistently sought to bring coverage to this issue independently of the situation in the US. In fact, in several articles you will find that we consistently point out the international coverage that murders of black men in the US garners in relation to relative silence on the situation in Brazil.

      While many in the international media have questioned a somewhat disinterest in protesting black death in Brazil, this blog’s position has been to show that protests DO in fact exist in Brazil usually not connected to protests in the US.

      For example, a caption under a photo in an article reads: “São Paulo – In the capital city, people marched not only for Afro-Brazilians but also in solidarity with fight for justice in the murder of African-American youth Mike Brown”

      This article mentions bringing attention to various police murders of black Brazilians but lack of media coverage. While there was clear solidarity with the Mike Brown situation, nowhere does this article suggest that this march was caused by the situation in Ferguson. See here: http://wp.me/p1XDuf-5pT

      Also, in the following piece you will see that there is nothing about Mike Brown from Ferguson, but does mention the Reaja ou será morto (a) campaign and activism across across the country. See here: http://wp.me/p1XDuf-5mu

      On December 11th, an introduction line reads as follows: “The title is for the most part a fair question, but still a little misleading. In reality, protests over black deaths DO take place throughout Brazil, the difference that I perceive is that protesters in the US often keep protests going for longer periods of time, often enduring weeks of organized resistance while protesters in Brazil take to the streets for a day or two and then the energy seems to dry up. In August, for example, thousands across Brazil took to the streets in a day of activism against police violence in Brazil that, considering the numbers, is far more lethal than in the US. But again, one day of action and then the streets were empty again.” See here:
      http://wp.me/p1XDuf-5N9

      Here is an article about the murder of Juan Moraes in Nova Iguaçu and also speaks of the problem of genocide of black youth throughout Brazil
      http://wp.me/p1XDuf-43t

      In this piece, we feature protest and police confrontation in Bahia:
      http://wp.me/p1XDuf-1kQ

      In the piece above, as in several other articles, “Reaja ou será morto” is also mentioned:
      https://blackwomenofbrazil.co/?s=Reaja+ou+Ser%C3%A1+Morto

      We see here in “Demilitarization now!”, again before the Ferguson situation (from July), another community protest
      http://wp.me/p1XDuf-43L

      Here, a “March to denounce the extermination of black youth: in the state of Espírito Santo homicide of black youth is 364% higher than that of white youth”: http://wp.me/p1XDuf-1EF

      Protests in Brazil CLEARLY take place and we try to present that. The differences are in the (lack of) media coverage, and the widespread outreach and duration of these marches.

      I hope that I’ve made my point and provided ample evidence to support my argument.

      Do keep in mind that the material here is based on internet reports; if you feel that something is lacking and you have first hand knowledge of an event, please DO feel free to contribute!

      Thanks again for your support and comment!
      BW of Brazil

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This entry was posted on December 21, 2014 by in São Paulo and tagged , , , , , .
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