Note from BW of Brazil: With reports such as this is there any wonder so many Afro-Brazilian women are calling for a change in the public image of black women? First it is necessary to say that I am by no means belittling the work of any woman who works in domestic services. This work is very important in the maintenance of any household although it is not as appreciated socially nor does the pay portray the necessity of such work. The problem here is that domestic service continues to be one of the only areas in which black women are openly accepted and expected to fill such employment vacancies. Thus, the complaint here is not the fact that many black women work in this area, we just believe black women should be embraced in any area of society and given the opportunity to get there and be successful.
80% of Federal District employees are black, research shows
Special Bulletin on Domestic Employment was released on Wednesday (4/19), the date on which the National Day of Domestic Workers is celebrated
By Ketheryne Mariz
Black women occupy most of the vacancies of domestic servants in the Federal District. They represent 80% of these workers, according to the Boletim Especial do Emprego Doméstico (Special Bulletin on Domestic Employment), released on Wednesday (4/19), when the National Day of Domestic Workers is celebrated. The number is higher than in 2012 (77.2%).
Their education also increased. While in 2012 just over 46% had not completed an elementary education in 2016, that number dropped to 41.4%. Those with complete elementary school education and incomplete high school education represent 23%. Over 30% have completed a high school education upper and incomplete college education.
The occupations as babá (nanny) and caregiver are the ones that present a higher level of schooling and of compensation among the workers. The research brought the current scenario of female workers with a formal work contract, without a formal work contract and day laborers. Although the occupations in domestic services encompassed several activities, such as those of the caretaker, taking care of the elderly and gardener, the research brought only information about women.
Domestics who work as day laborers went from 25.4% in 2012 to 33.1% in 2016. There was also an increase among those with a formal contract: from 48.4% (2012) to 51.7% (2016). The number of those working without a formal work contract fell from 26.3% (2012) to 15.2% (2016).
For experts who participated in the study, the figures show stability in the sector, against the economic crisis in the country. “The record of the stability of domestic employment is very significant compared to other countries, especially those in Europe,” observes economist Tiago Oliveira of the Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies.
The tendency in developed countries is for the number of domestic workers to decline. “Only in a highly unequal society do people serve the other 24 hours a day,” he adds.
Source: Correio Braziliense